How to Speed Up Computer’s Performance

1) Managed the start up items and removed unwanted Items (Run->MSCONFIG->Start Up)

               If you install lots of programs on the computer it will take long time to start the computer. Many programs add themselves to the list of programs started when you start your computer, and that list can get long. All this programs will slowdown the computer performance. It will cause the computer slow start up.

To remove these unwanted start up entry’s we can use the MSCONFIG. To remove the unwanted start up items follow this steps.

  • Please press the Windows key and R key on your keyboard together.
  • Now you will get a Run window. Inside that Run Window Type MSCONFIG and press on Ok
  • Now you will get a System Configuration Utility Window.
  • Inside that System Configuration Utility Window Click on the Tab Start Up.
  • A list of all the startup programs displays with a check box next to each one. To prevent a program from starting up when you start the computer unchecked the programs. Click OK once you have made your choices.
  • You will get a dialog box as shown below it will be telling you that you may need to restart your computer for the changes to take affect. Click Restart to restart your computer immediately. If you want to do some other steps on your computer click Exit without restart.
  • The same thing you can do with the Services tab also. You can remove the Unwanted Services from the Services tab. Please make sure you are not removing the Windows Services.

2) Checked the Task Manager for the running processes & killed the unwanted  processes

  • Please press on the key Alt+Crtl+Delete key on the keyboard or right-click the task bar at the bottom of the screen to open the Task Manager.
  • Now you will get a new window called Task Manager.
  • Go to the Tab Processes in the Task Manager.
  • Now you can see a list of process running on your computer.
  • We can end the unwanted Processes from this list.
  • Some other processes you can see in the list because they directly relate to a program that you are running at the time, such as iexplore.exe (Internet Explorer), WINWORD.exe (Microsoft Word), or TASKMGR.exe (Task Manager), notepad.exe (Notepad).  However, other processes, such as svchost.exe or services.exe, are not as easy to identify.
  • If you suspect a Process as a problem find the name of that process and search the name in Google. You can see what exactly those process is for.
  • Here is a list of processes in Windows that are essential:
    • services.exe
    • winlogon.exe
    • csrss.exe
    • smss.exe
    • taskmgr.exe
    • explorer.exe
    • svchost.exe
    • spoolsv.exe
    • lsass.exe
    • System Idle Process
  • There will be more than one svchost.exe’s running in the processes. Some of these are essential processes of Windows. Others can be Tun Off. But it is very difficult to tell which one is necessary which one not necessary.
  • Sort the Processes according to Memory usage. And End the svchost.exe using more Memory.

3) Remove unwanted program from add/remove programs

  • Click Start Menu , click Control Panel
  • Double-click Add or Remove Programs (In Windows XP). Programs and Features (In Windows Vista and 7)
  • In the Currently installed programs box, click the program that you want to remove, and then click Remove.
  • Follow the instructions that appear on the screen to make the changes that you want.

NOTE : To access Add or Remove Programs (In Windows XP). Programs and Features (In Windows Vista and 7) you can use some shortcut keys also. Press the Windows key and R key on your keyboard together. Now you will get a Run window. Inside that Run Window Type APPWIZ.CPL and pres on Ok.

NOTE : If some of the program installed on the computer is corrupted or some installation files are missing or if those are potentially unwanted software’s like spyware  we needed to remove them manually. Follow this instructions to remove them.  How to manually remove programs from the Add or Remove Programs tool

4) Disabled/Removed the toolbars from IE/Fire fox    More Details here.

  • The normal procedure to disable a toolbar are
    1. Click the browser ‘View’ menu
    2. Select ‘Toolbars’
    3. Uncheck the toolbar name

    This will hide it from view, however be aware that some adware programs remain actively monitoring your internet activity even though their toolbar is disabled. So we need to Uninstall the Toolbar from the computer.

  • Try the Step 3 to remove the Toolbar from the computer.

To uninstall Firefox Toolbar (eg Yahoo! Toolbar, AOL, Google Toolbar for Firefox):

  1. Click the ‘Tools’ menu in Firefox
  2. Click ‘Extensions’, or ‘Add-ons’ in Firefox 2
  3. Select the unwanted toolbar
  4. Click ‘Uninstall’ and follow the prompts to remove it
  5. Restart the browser

5) Emptied Recycle bin

  • Right Click on the Recycle Bin Icon on your Desktop and Select the Option Empty Recycle bin.
  • Now you have to delete all of the deleted files from the computer manually also. For that go to the following  location and delete all of the files and folder inside that one.  (Need to Enable Show Hidden Files  and Folders to See this folders. )
    1. c:\RECYCLER (In Windows XP)
    2. c:\$RECYCLER (In Windows Vista and Windows 7)

6) Ran the Desktop clean up wizard In Windows XP

The Desktop Cleanup Wizard is a component included with Microsoft’s Windows XP operating system. It aims to reduce the clutter in a user’s desktop environment by moving unused shortcuts to a separate directory called “Unused Desktop Shortcuts”

To start the Desktop Cleanup Wizard:

  1. Click Start, and then click Control Panel.
  2. In Control Panel, click Appearance and Themes under Pick a category.
  3. Under or pick a Control Panel icon, click Display.The Display Properties dialog box is displayed.
  4. In the Display Properties dialog box, click the Desktop tab, and then click Customize Desktop.The Desktop Items dialog box is displayed.
  5. Under Desktop cleanup, click to clear the Run Desktop Cleanup Wizard every 60 days check box if you do not want the Desktop Cleanup Wizard to automatically start every 60 days.
  6. Click Clean Desktop Now.The Desktop Cleanup Wizard starts.

To remove unwanted shortcuts:

  1. In the Welcome to the Desktop Cleanup Wizard dialog box, click Next.
  2. In the Shortcuts dialog box, a list of shortcuts are displayed in the Shortcut to Clean Up list. The shortcuts that you click are removed from the desktop and placed in the Unused Desktop Shortcuts folder on the Windows desktop. If you do not want a shortcut to be removed from the desktop, click to clear the check box for that shortcut, and then click Next when you are finished.
  3. In the Completing the Desktop Cleanup Wizard dialog box, view the items in the Shortcuts box to confirm that you want them removed from the desktop, and then click Finish.The Desktop Cleanup Wizard moves the selected shortcuts to the Unused Desktop Shortcuts folder and then quits.

7) Set the virtual memory to – Initial size – 512 MB and Maximum size – 1024 MB

Virtual memory, also called page file or swap file, is a file on your hard drive (C:\pagefile.sys by default) that Windows and applications use in addition to physical memory (RAM) as needed.

The rule of thumbs for the size of this file is 1.5 times the amount of physical memory, it is also recommended to make the minimum and maximum size the same to avoid serious fragmentation.

Here are a few examples:

  • 512 MB RAM = 768 MB Page File
  • 1 GB (1024 MB) RAM = 1.5 GB (1536 MB) Page File
  • 2 GB (2048 MB) RAM = 3 GB (3072 MB) Page File
  • 3 GB (3072 MB) RAM = 4.5 GB (4608 MB) Page File and so on.
How to manually change the size of the virtual memory paging file (See the Screen Shots also.)

You must be logged on as an administrator user account or as a member of the administrator user account group to complete this steps.

To manually change the size of virtual memory, follow these steps:

  1. Click Start, click Run, type sysdm.cpl in the Open box, and then press ENTER.
  2. Click the Advanced tab, and then under Performance click Settings.
  3. Click the Advanced tab, and then under Virtual memory click Change.
  4. Under Drive [Volume Label], click the drive that contains the paging file that you want to change.
  5. Under Paging file size for selected drive, click Custom size, type a new paging file size in megabytes (MB) in the Initial size (MB) or Maximum size (MB) box, and then click Set.
  6. Click OK to close the dialog box and apply changes.

 

8) Cleared Temp files – Temp & %temp%

More Details about deleting temporary files are given here.

  • Press the Windows key and R key on your keyboard together.
  • Now you will get a Run window.
  • Inside that Run Window type Temp and press on Ok.
  • It will open one folder C:\WINDOWS\Temp. All of the folders and files you see in this Temp folder are no longer being used by Windows and can safely be deleted.
  • Same way type %temp% in the Run Window and press on Ok.
  • It will open one folder in your user profile. All of the folders and files you see in this Tempfolder are no longer being used by Windows and can safely be deleted.
    1. C:\Documents and Settings\{Your User Profile}\Local Settings\Temp (In Windows XP)
    2. C:\Users\{Your User Profile}\AppData\Local\Temp (In Windows Vista and Windows 7)

More Details about deleting temporary files are given here.


9) Ran the disk cleanup

More Details about how to do the Disk Cleanup are given here, with screen shots.

Disk cleanup is used to remove files stored on your hard disk that you no longer use. follow these steps to do it:

  1. Click Start, and then click My Computer.
  2. Right-click the disk in which you want to free up space, and then click Properties.
  3. Click the General tab, and then click Disk Cleanup.
  4. Click the Disk Cleanup tab (if it is not already selected), click to select the check boxes next to the files that you want to remove, and then click OK.
  5. Click Yes to the proceed with this action, and then click OK.

More Details about how to do the Disk Cleanup are given here, with screen shots.

10) Initiated the disk defragmentation

In Windows Vista and Windows 7

Disk Defragmenter now runs as a standard scheduled task in Windows Vista and Windows 7. It is not necessary to run the disk defragmenter manually unless it has been disabled. We can initiate a manual defragmentation by opening the Disk Defragmenter application. Follow the steps to do the same.

Start menu –> All Programs –> Accessories –> System Tools –> Disk Defragmenter.

In Windows XP

  • Start menu –> All Programs –> Accessories –> System Tools –> Disk Defragmenter.
  • Select the volume(s) that you want to check for fragmentation.
  • Click Analyze and wait for the message box to find out whether or not you need to defragment.
  • If you need to defragment, click Defragment.

 

If it is still slow you have to do one thing.

Open the Task Manager (Press on Control, Alt and Delete Key together)
Now press on the tab process. Now sort the items using Memory Usage.
Now you can see one SVCHOST.exe is taking lots if Memory. Right click on that one and select Kill process tree.

Now it will restart the computer. Now work on the computer it will be fine now.

Don’t forgot to remove all of the Unwanted programs from the MSCONFIG

 

Kuttus

Kuttus is an IT professional and a part time blogger. He has started the 123seminarsonly to write his findings gained in daily work life. Kuttus writes articles which are mostly related to technology and Virus Removal. He has been interested in virus and Malware removal. He is working as a remote virus removal technician from the last 7 year.

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